The Muslim holy month of Ramadan begins this Monday for most of the 1500 million Muslims on the planet
Millions of Muslims from around the world are welcomed at the start of the holy month of Ramadan this Monday, June 6, a time marked by intense prayer, fasting fromsunrise to sunset, and good deeds.
Religious authorities in most of the countries of the Middle East announced that thenew moon of Ramadhan was sighted on the afternoon of Sunday, June 5.
Indonesia, the world‘s most populous Muslim country, also declared that Muslims begin the fasting period the same Monday, like the Muslims in Singapore, Yemen, Lebanon, Syria, Qatar, Kuwait, Jordan, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Afghanistan and the Palestinian territories, among others.
As a result of these announcements, a mosque in Tampa, Florida announced to his followers that they also would be the arrival of ramadan and, therefore, to begin thefirst day of fasting on Monday.
This decision to observe the fast of Ramadan from Monday was also extended to other Muslim communities around the world, including Spain, where the Islamic Commission said in a statement the beginning of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.
The sighting of the new moon marks the beginning of the Muslim lunar month, which oscial between 29 and 30 days.
Religious authorities in some countries use observatories and astronomical calculations to determine the start of Ramadan, while other religious bodies that are governed only by the sighting of the moon with the naked eye (or “naked eye”), made thatit sometimes leads to discrepancies between nearby countries between Yes or, evenamong Muslim communities in the same territory, about the arrival of the month and the start of the fast.
Muslims believe that Ramadan is the month in which were revealed the first versesof the Quran, the sacred book of Islam, the Prophet Muhammad (saws) for more than 1400 years.
Fasting and prayer
In the month of Ramadan the Muslim faithful seek to go to mosques for supererogatory night prayers, known as “taraweeh”, while the free time during the day is oftenused in reading and recitation of the Quran, listen to religious conferences, in dhikrand any other activities of a religious and spiritual nature provided.
Every day during the month of Ramadan, Muslims abstain from eating, drinking, smoking and having sex from sunrise to sunset of the Sun to focus on spirituality, good works and charity.
It is exempt from fasting all minor, sick, sick mental person, traveler, woman during the period of menstruation or nifaas, as well as pregnant women, the infant who fears for their small and weak elderly.
Many break the fast to the Prophet Muhammad (saws) did some 1400 years ago, with a SIP of water and some dates to the sunset (at the time of Maghrib), followed byprayer.
It is common that Muslims break the fast with family and friends and charitable organizations to offer free meals to the public in mosques and other public spaces.
Families and friends get up early for Suhoor, last meal until the sun rises, and at the end of the day of fasting, meet for iftar, the breaking of the fast at sunset.
Fasting is intended to be a means of approach to God for believers and a way to remember the suffering of the less fortunate.
(Saum) fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, along with the Declaration of Muslim faith (shahada), daily prayer (salat), charity (zakat) and performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).
In many Muslim countries, offices and workplaces are required by law to reduce working hours and most of the restaurants are closed during daylight hours.
Muslims celebrate the end of Ramadan with an important holiday known as Eid al –Fitr.